With the continuous development of science and technology, woodworking tools have also evolved from pure hand to power tools, and many traditional hand-operated woodworking tools have been gradually replaced by power tools. So, what are the woodworking power tools? how to use?
There are many types of basic woodworking tools, and there are also many sub-categories. Only common basic tools are introduced here.
1. Table planer
Table planing is usually the basis of traditional technical woodworking. It is the most basic power tool. Its main purpose is to plan and straighten the basic surface of the wood, and it is the basic process of processing wood. The work of the table planer can be replaced with a manual saw and a manual planer after threading with the ink fountain. The rotation speed of the table planer is usually low, and the planed surface will have large ripples, which cannot be used directly.
2. Press planing
Press planing is a commonly used woodworking tool. In order to ensure that the planed surface is relatively uniform, it is usually automatically fed at a uniform speed, generally 6-8 meters per minute. The rotational speed of the press planer is usually higher, and the planed surface is smoother and smoother than the table planer. Since the wood is placed between the blade and the bottom plate, it is possible to process batches of wood, and the final specifications are very consistent. It belongs to the efficiency equipment, and it can also be replaced by a hand planer.
3. Table saw (inverted electric saw)
Table saw is one of the most basic tools for carpentry. The current finished table saw generally has the functions of lifting and tilting, and has accessories such as backing and pushing plate. The basic use of the table saw is to combine backing (foot) cutting, that is, cutting the wood into the cross-sectional size we need. From an economic point of view, many people will use ordinary hand saws to be retrofitted into table saws. If you also want to have the basic functions of ordinary finished table saws, you need to choose a hand saw that can be lifted and tilted for conversion. Table saws with suitable accessories and saw blades can be used for multiple purposes such as tenoning and slotting.
4. Handheld electric circular saw
The hand-held electric circular saw is an ordinary electric saw. It is generally used on materials that are larger in size and cannot be used on table saws. They are mostly used to open large finger joint boards and longer and thicker wood cuts. Now many handheld electric circular saws can adjust the height and tilt angle. There are also more rechargeable circular saws on the market, which use DC power supply and are more convenient to use.
5. Bench drill
Bench drills vary greatly in size and power. They are generally used for vertical openings and digging holes. Due to the large weight and the bottom pallet, it is convenient to set the depth. Changing the drill bit can do a lot of work with the template. Drill bits, hole openers, aircraft hole openers, etc. are used as accessories. Generally, the power of the bench drill is large, and the speed and torque can be adjusted.
6. Hand drill
The hand electric drill is a basic woodworking tool and one of the most common and versatile power tools. It is generally used for construction of various twist drills, woodworking three-point drills, hole openers, and countersink drills. Due to the small size of the hand electric drill, it is very flexible compared to the bench drill, so it has more applications. Hand electric drills are currently divided into two categories: charging and plugging, which are divided into ordinary drills, impact drills, electric hammers, electric picks and so on. Impact drill with impact function can be used to punch cement walls and ceramic tiles, which is more accurate, but the power is generally not large, limited to making thinner mounting holes, the electric hammer is generally more powerful for wall penetration, punching holes, etc., generally for decoration purposes . Electric pickaxes are generally very powerful and are mostly used in engineering.
7. Electric screwdriver
A simple understanding of electric screwdriver is a tool used to replace a screwdriver. Since woodworking often uses various self-tapping screws, it is very laborious to use a longer and more screwdriver on a manual screwdriver. The electric screwdriver is very practical to use. Electric screwdrivers are usually charging tools, ranging from 6V to 24V, mostly 7.2V-18V batteries, and most industrial grades are plug-in tools. The principle of the electric screwdriver is basically the same as that of the electric drill, but the rotation speed is low, the torque is large, and the torque adjustment is mostly used. It is matched with various screwdriver heads to adapt to different types of self-tapping. Some electric screwdrivers also have the function of electric drills.
8. Engraving machine (bakelite milling)
The engraving machine is a tool used by professional manufacturers and enthusiasts. The woodworking engraving machine is also known as bakelite milling. It is not an exponentially controlled engraving machine. The large-scale bakelite milling has a large size and is not described. The engraving machine can be used with various blades to complete multiple functions such as slotting, trimming, digging holes, tenoning, color and so on. There are about dozens of commonly used cutter heads, and hundreds of common ones. The engraving machine can cooperate with the template to do various carvings, lettering, graphics, special shapes, etc. The engraving machine originated in Europe and the United States. The caliber of the blade is generally English, 2/1 aperture, which is about 12.7 mm. The engraving machine usually has two categories: adjustable type and compression spring type. Adjustable engraving machines are mostly used for flipping, the 890 of Bupa is typical. The compression spring engraving machine is mostly hand-held, the typical one is Dewei 618.
9. Trimming machine
The simple understanding of the trimming machine is a small bakelite mill, which has a small size and a small power, and the caliber is also a quarter of an inch, which is about 6.35 mm. There are many types of blades, but they are generally small. Due to its lightness, it is very convenient for one-handed operation and used for trimming, so it is called trimming machine. The function is basically the same as the engraving machine, but the working depth and width are limited to power, and they cannot be too large.
10. Electric round grinding (square grinding)
Electric round grinding refers to a kind of electric equipment with a brushed bottom plate that can quickly replace brushed sandpaper. It is generally small in size, flexible and convenient to operate, and can be operated with one hand. The rotation speed of the electric circular mill is relatively high, and generally rotates eccentrically, and can be used to treat the surface of various wooden boards and wooden squares. By replacing the brushed sandpaper with different meshes, the surface of most of the wood can be treated. The square mill bottom plate is square or rectangular, and the wood surface is treated by the principle of high-speed vibration before and after.
In addition to the above woodworking power tools, woodworking power tools also include biscuit tenoning machine, desktop engraving machine (inverted), jig saw, air pump (nail shooting and paint), nail gun, desktop belt (drum) machine, angle grinder, handheld Electric planers, tabletop carved (pulled flower) saws, band saws, etc. will not be described in detail here.