Introduction of 12 basic woodworking power tools
01. Table planing: Table planing is usually the basis of traditional technical woodworking. It is the most basic power tool. Its main purpose is to plan and straighten the base surface of the wood, and it is the basic process for processing wood. The work of the table planer can be replaced with a manual saw and a manual planer after threading with the ink fountain. The rotation speed of the table planer is usually low, and the planed surface will have large ripples, which cannot be used directly. 02. Press planing: Press planing is a commonly used woodworking tool. In order to ensure that the planed surface is relatively uniform, it is usually automatically fed at a uniform speed, generally 6-8 meters per minute. The rotational speed of the press planer is usually higher, and the planed surface is smoother and smoother than the table planer. Since the wood is placed between the blade and the bottom plate, it is possible to process batches of wood, and the final specifications are very consistent. It belongs to the efficiency equipment, and it can also be replaced by a hand planer. 03, table saw (inverted chainsaw): Table saw is one of the most basic tools for woodworking. Now the finished table saw generally has the functions of lifting, tilting, etc., and has accessories such as backing and pushing plate. The basic use of the table saw is to combine backing (foot) cutting, that is, cutting the wood into the cross-sectional size we need. From an economic point of view, many people will use ordinary hand saws to be retrofitted into table saws. If you also want to have the basic functions of ordinary finished table saws, you need to choose a hand saw that can be lifted and tilted for conversion. Table saws with suitable accessories and saw blades can be used for multiple purposes such as tenoning and slotting. 04, Hand-held electric circular saw: Hand-held electric circular saw is an ordinary electric saw. It is generally used on materials that are larger in size and cannot be used on table saws. They are mostly used to open large finger joint boards and have longer and thicker wood squares. Truncation, etc. Now many handheld electric circular saws can adjust the height and tilt angle. There are also more rechargeable circular saws on the market, which use DC power supply and are more convenient to use. 05. Bench drill: The size and power of the bench drill are quite different. Generally, it is used for vertical hole opening and digging. Due to the heavy weight, there is a bottom pallet, which can easily set the depth. Replace the drill bit. In many jobs, drill bits, hole openers, aircraft hole openers, etc. are generally used as accessories. Generally, the power of the bench drill is large, and the speed and torque can be adjusted. 06. Hand electric drill: Hand electric drill is the basic woodworking tool, and it is also one of the most common and widely used electric tools. It is generally compatible with various twist drills, woodworking three-point drills, hole openers, countersunk head drills and other constructions. Due to the small size of the hand electric drill, it is very flexible compared to the bench drill, so it has more applications. Hand electric drills are currently divided into two categories: charging and plugging, which are divided into ordinary drills, impact drills, electric hammers, electric picks and so on. Impact drill with impact function can be used to punch cement walls and ceramic tiles, which is more accurate, but the power is generally not large, limited to making thinner mounting holes, the electric hammer is generally more powerful for wall penetration, punching holes, etc., generally for decoration purposes . Electric pickaxes are generally very powerful and are mostly used in engineering. 07, Electric screwdriver: A simple understanding of electric screwdriver is a tool used to replace a screwdriver. Since woodworking often uses various self-tapping screws, it is very laborious to use a longer and more screwdriver on a manual screwdriver. . Electric screwdrivers are usually charging tools, ranging from 6V to 24V, mostly 7.2V-18V batteries, and most industrial grades are plug-in tools. The principle of the electric screwdriver is basically the same as that of the electric drill, but the rotation speed is low, the torque is large, and the torque adjustment is mostly used. It is matched with various screwdriver heads to adapt to different types of self-tapping. Some electric screwdrivers also have the function of electric drills. 08, engraving machine (bakelite milling): engraving machine is a tool that professional manufacturers and enthusiasts will use, woodworking engraving machine is also known as bakelite milling, not exponentially controlled engraving machine, large size bakelite milling caliber Larger, no introduction. The engraving machine can be used with various blades to complete multiple functions such as slotting, trimming, digging holes, tenoning, color and so on. There are about dozens of commonly used cutter heads, and hundreds of common ones. The engraving machine can cooperate with the template to do various carvings, lettering, graphics, special shapes, etc. The engraving machine originated in Europe and the United States. The caliber of the blade is generally British, with a half aperture, which is about 12.7 mm. The engraving machine usually has two categories: adjustable type and compression spring type. Adjustable engraving machines are mostly used for flipping, the 890 of Bupa is typical. The compression spring engraving machine is mostly hand-held, the typical one is Dewei 618. 09, trimming machine: trimming machine is a simple understanding of small bakelite milling, small size, small power, caliber also uses a quarter inch inch, which is about 6.35 mm. There are many types of blades, but they are generally small. Due to its lightness, it is very convenient for one-handed operation and used for trimming, so it is called trimming machine. The function is basically the same as the engraving machine, but the working depth and width are limited to power, and they cannot be too large. 10. Electric round grinding (square grinding): Electric round grinding refers to a kind of electric equipment with a brushed bottom plate that can quickly replace brushed sandpaper. It is generally small in size, flexible and convenient to operate, and can be operated with one hand. The rotation speed of the electric circular mill is relatively high, and generally rotates eccentrically, and can be used to treat the surface of various wooden boards and wooden squares. By replacing the brushed sandpaper with different meshes, the surface of most of the wood can be treated. The square mill bottom plate is square or rectangular, and the wood surface is treated by the principle of high-speed vibration before and after. 11. Biscuit tenoning machine: Biscuit tenoning machine has less application. It is an additional process on the basis of traditional craftsmanship, which is equivalent to strengthening the connection between the plates. Simply put, it is to give an arc groove to the splicing point of the wooden board. The biscuit tenoning machine can guarantee the accuracy of the nodes and the accuracy of the height, supplemented by the biscuit tenon, you can make a better puzzle. In the future, the tool will be introduced in a single post, and I won’t say more here. 12. Desktop engraving machine (inverted): The desktop engraving machine belongs to the normal engraving machine (bakelite milling). In many cases, it is not possible to handle small materials with a hand-held engraving machine, so it is widely used. Flip-chip can be used for many purposes due to the matching backing that can be adjusted front, back, left, and right, and can also significantly improve processing efficiency. The finished flip-table table and ruler are more accurate, and making the flip-table by yourself can also meet most applications.